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News - Friday, 22 September 2017

How to read a bottle of wine

A new information now available in grocery stores!

As you may have already noticed, it is now possible to find the grape varieties written on the label of bottles of wine sold in grocery stores, along with the usual information such as tasting notes, food pairing suggestions, the degree of alcohol and the serving temperature.

This new measure aims to give consumers more tools to help them decide which types of wines they like and also to help them discover new ones to try.

But what is a grape variety exactly? The following article will explore this question. Also, in the following weeks, we will publish a series of articles about the most popular grape varieties to explain the main characteristics of each one.

A grape variety is the wine’s raw material: the kind of grape. There are more than 6 000 grape varieties in the world. The most cultivated ones for white wines are Chardonnay, Sauvignon, Pinot grigio, Riesling, Chenin blanc, Gewürztraminer, Colombard and Moscato. As for red wines: Cabernet sauvignon, Merlot, Shiraz, Pinot noir, Tempranillo, Sangiovese and Malbec.

Each grape variety has its own characteristics, which can be attributed to the types of climate and soil as well as the yield levels. A wine can be elaborated with just one type of grape or with many types, which is then called a blend. The grape variety’s characteristics also depend on the vinification and aging methods used by the winemaker.

Consequently, the fact that grape varieties are now written on the labels of wines sold in grocery stores will help you explore new territories as well as help you find the varieties you like the most!

Cheers!

LE CÉPAGE

Le cépage, c’est la matière brute du vin : la sorte de raisin. Il en existe plus de 6 000 types à travers le monde. Les principaux cépages blancs sont le Chardonnay, le Sauvignon, le Pinot grigio, le Riesling, le Chenin blanc, le Gewürztraminer, le Colombard et le Moscato. Quant aux principaux cépages noirs utilisés pour le vin rouge, on retrouve le Cabernet sauvignon, le Merlot, le Shiraz/Syrah, le Pinot noir, le Tempranillo, le Sangiovese et le Malbec.

Chaque cépage possède ses propres caractéristiques, qui sont en partie dues à son rendement, au type de climat, au terroir et au type de sol. Un vin peut être réalisé à partir d'un seul cépage (monocépage) ou il peut aussi être préparé à partir de plusieurs ; on parle alors d'assemblage. Les caractéristiques de chaque cépage peuvent être également influencées par le type de vinification et de vieillissement employés par le producteur.

Bref,  avec ce nouvel affichage des cépages sur les bouteilles de vin vendues en épicerie, vous pouvez désormais explorer différents pays et terroirs façon plus éclairée, tout en apprenant à identifier les cépages qui vous plaisent !

Bonnes dégustations !

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